Noise pollution is considered as more important environmental problem, especially in the industrialized and developed countries. Industrial noise is an important source of noise pollution, which annoys and disrupts the daily activities of workers. Environment pollution is a secondary and unwanted product of different industrial activities that has exposed the environment to further danger. Noise contamination is one of the extremely significant difficulties of the industries that influence the hearing procedure and other physiological factors of the human’s body, as well as bodies in sound exposure situations Furthermore, the monitoring of the sound level in combination with the vibration of a machine provide signals of a possible upcoming need of maintenance contributing to the overall safety of the plant.
From the workers’ perspective, poor lighting at work can lead to eye‐strain, fatigue, headaches, stress and accidents. On the other hand, too much light can also cause safety and health problems such as “glare” headaches and stress. Both can lead to mistakes at work, poor quality and low productivity.
Air Quality & Particle Matter (Dust)
The temperature, the relative humidity and the rate of CO2 in the indoor air makes it possible to obtain a good first approximation of the quality of the indoor air. These measures make possible the increase of the productivity of employees and the reduction of absences from illness. It also helps to increase well-being in the office.
The size of air particles is linked directly to their potential for causing health problems. Small particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter pose the greatest health risks, because they can affect the lungs and heart. Larger particles are of less concern, although they can irritate the eyes, nose, and throat.
Particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter are called “fine” particles. Sources of fine particles include all types of combustion, also motor vehicles (trucks and vehicles), power plants (power generators), and some industrial processes. Fine particles contains more toxic heavy metals and hazardous organic pollutants and can infiltrate directly to the lungs. They are easily attached to bacteria and viruses in the environment and thus have a greater impact on ecology and human health.
A continuous restructuring and re-engineering of the production line with upgrade of existing machines or new machines may lead to unpredicted and unwanted results, like higher power consumption than expected, breakdown of machinery, changes in the production line and more. Real-time monitoring of the power consumption of the production process is a reliable factor for verifying the set up the machines to the higher performance. An occurring machine event can be traced and prevented before it reaches the point of breakdown. Maintenance service of machineries can be predicted in a satisfactory level by monitoring their power consumption.